Efficient Measurement of Multiparticle Entanglement with Embedding Quantum Simulator

Date: 2016-02-18
Authors Ming-Cheng Chen, Dian Wu, Zu-En Su, Xin-Dong Cai, Xi-Lin Wang, Tao Yang, Li Li, Nai-Le Liu, Chao-Yang Lu, and Jian-Wei Pan
Journal No. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 070502 (2016)
Abstract The quantum measurement of entanglement is a demanding task in the field of quantum information. Here, we report the direct and scalable measurement of multiparticle entanglement with embedding photonic quantum simulators. In this embedding framework [R. Di Candia et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 240502 (2013)], the N-qubit entanglement, which does not associate with a physical observable directly, can be efficiently measured with only two (for even N) and six (for odd N) local measurement settings. Our experiment uses multiphoton quantum simulators to mimic dynamical concurrence and three-tangle entangled systems and to track their entanglement evolutions.