Experimental Passive Decoy-State Quantum Key Distribution

Date: 2014-06-20
Authors Qi-Chao Sun, Wei-Long Wang, Yang Liu, Fei Zhou, Jason S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, Cheng-Zhi Peng, Xian-Feng Chen, Xiong-Feng Ma, Qiang Zhang, Jian-Wei Pan
Journal No. Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 085202 (2014)
Abstract The decoy-state method is widely used in practical quantum key distribution systems to replace ideal single photon sources with realistic light sources by varying intensities. Instead of active modulation, the passive decoy-state method employs built-in decoy states in a parametric down-conversion photon source, which can decrease the side channel information leakage in decoy state preparation and hence increase the security. By employing low dark count up-conversion single photon detectors, we have experimentally demonstrated the passive decoy-state method over a 50-km-long optical fiber and have obtained a key rate of about 100 bit/s. Our result suggests that the passive decoy-state source is a practical candidate for future quantum communication implementation.